will be a surveillance approach to runway three six using PAR
azimuth. Mileages will be from touchdown." At the descent point,
the controller will advise: "Five miles from touchdown, descend to
your minimum descent altitude."
If a landing on the runway to which the approach is being flown is not feasible (perhaps due to a
recently fouled runway), an aircraft may be cleared for a circling approach to another runway. In
this case, the procedures listed above for "Circling Approach" would be flown.
LOST COMM PROCEDURES DURING GCAS
At US Army airfields and USAF bases, radar controllers are not required to provide Lost
Communications procedures during GCA approaches. In case of two-way radio failure during
approaches to those airfields, the procedures listed in the Flight Information Handbook (FIH)
would be appropriate.
At Naval Air Stations and Marine Corps Air Stations, controllers are expected to provide lost
communications procedures. If a two-way radio failure occurs prior to receiving those
procedures, the procedures in the FIH would be appropriate.
Military procedures for two-way radio failure during RADAR approaches are found in the
Emergency Procedures section of the FIH. It should be noted that the instructions DO NOT
specify a specific order in which the procedures are to be executed. This is important, because
the steps are listed in the reverse of the "Aviate, Navigate, Communicate" priorities which would
be critical during the radio failure. For example, when experiencing a two-radio failure while on
a PAR final descent, it is recommended that the procedures be performed in the reverse of the
order printed: First, "Aviate" -- clean up and climb to achieve and maintain a safe altitude.
Second, "Navigate" -- initiate navigation to intercept a segment of a published approach: the
intermediate segment would likely be most appropriate, since you need to accomplish both the
purposes of an intermediate segment: transition to the landing configuration and alignment with
the Final Approach Course. Finally, "Communicate" -- attempt to reestablish radio contact when
CLOSURE OF FLIGHT PLAN
Military and civilian fields with a functioning control tower will automatically close an IFR
flight plan when an aircraft lands. If there is no tower or the tower is not open, an IFR flight plan
must be either be cancelled while still in contact with ATC airborne and the flight continued
VFR to a landing, or the plan must be cancelled with a Flight Service Station after landing.
SPECIAL USE AIRSPACE (SUA) PROCEDURES
This section contains material to assist the student in preparing for ATM stage Special Use
Airspace (SUA) event, as conducted in the 2F101 Flight Simulators at NAS Pensacola.