INSTRUMENT FLIGHT RULES WORKBOOK
The Missed Approach Point is the point at which a missed approach procedure shall be executed
if the required visual reference does not exist.
Missed approach procedures are written out in the profile view, as well as graphically portrayed
in the plan view and profile sections.
Visual Decent Points (VDPs) are incorporated in selected nonprecision approach procedures.
The VDP is a defined point on the final approach course of a nonprecision straight-in approach
procedure from which normal descent from the MDA to the runway touchdown point may be
commenced, provided visual reference is established. The VDP will normally be identified on
the profile view by the symbol: V
VDPs are intended to provide additional guidance where they are implemented. No special
technique is required to fly a procedure with a VDP. The pilot should not descend below the
MDA prior to reaching the VDP and acquiring the necessary visual reference.
Pilots not equipped to receive the VDP should fly the approach procedure as though no VDP had
317. MINIMUMS SECTION
In the minimums section, the same minimums apply to both day and night operations unless
different minimums are specified at the bottom of the minimum box in the space provided for
The minimums for straight-in and circling appear directly under each aircraft category. When
there is no division line between minimums for each category on the straight-in or circling lines,
the minimums apply to two or more categories. Turn to NDB RWY 15 at Orlando Kissimmee
Municipal as an example.
Basic minimums are published and used when the aircraft has the minimum installed
navigational equipment to execute the approach. In this case, if the aircraft possessed only NDB,
the pilot would then use the first set of minimums.
Additional minimums are lower than the basic minimums and can be used whenever the aircraft
has the specified operating equipment. For example, if the aircraft was installed with NDB and
VOR equipment, then the additional minimums or lower minimums could be used.
The T-34 may fly the LOC portion of an ILS approach and utilize those minimums as it is not
equipped with a glideslope indicator. Additionally, when flying a RNAV (GPS) approach, the
T-34 is only authorized to use the Lateral Navigation (LNAV) minimums.
All altitudes on the approach plate are msl except for three agl
altitudes. All three agl altitudes are found in the minimums
sections and are printed in small type. They are ceiling, hat and
INSTRUMENT APPROACH PROCEDURES 3-17