"old/new six clear" or over the radio on Form Common frequency for an actual threat as follows:
"(Tactical Call sign), bogey/bandit 4 o'clock, 3 miles, high, southbound."
Combat Spread Turns. Combat spread turns are used to maintain tactical integrity while
changing course. These turns are classified as either tactical turns or engaging turns and can be
initiated with a radio call or visual signal. "Standard Tactical Turns" are used for navigation and
accomplished by adding full power and maintaining bank and Gs to maintain airspeed. These
turns are energy sustaining turns (typically 10 - 11 Angle-of-Attack (AOA)). Engaging turns are
used in a high threat environment to engage a bogey or bandit and accomplished by adding
maximum power and Gs available (quickest/tightest turn) in order to bring weapons to bear as
soon as possible on a potential adversary. These turns are not energy sustaining.
409. TAC TURNS
Tac turns are the most basic turns and used to turn the formation 90º. These turns may be into or
away from the Wingman and may be called or uncalled.
Tac Turns Into the Wingman
Called Turns Into the Wingman (Figure 4-13). The maneuver will begin with the
Lead calling, "(Tactical Call sign), tac right/left". When the Wingman responds,
"Two", the Lead will turn into the Wingman with a standard tactical turn (see above
parameters) and the Wingman will delay until Lead is on the 45º bearing line (seeing
down the lead aircraft's intake may work as a visual reference) to start Wingman's
standard tactical turn.
Uncalled turns into the Wingman are performed identical to called turns except there
are no radio calls. The lead aircraft simply turns into the Wingman when desired and
the Wingman delays until the appropriate 45º bearing line visual cue (looking down
Lead's intake if starting from a good line abreast position).
Visual lookout is accomplished by Lead's student checking the formation's "old six"
and the Wingman's student checking the formation's "new six". These calls are made
over the ICS to the instructor (i.e., "New six clear" or "Old six clear").
SECTION PARADE 4-15