Therefore, it is important that we preflight ourselves daily. "I'M SAFE" (ILLNESS,
MEDICATION, STRESS, ALCOHOL, FATIGUE, EATING) is a simple checklist to determine
if we are ready and fit to fly.
SANDBAG SYNDROME: the Sandbag Syndrome is based on a comforting premise that one
or more crewmembers have the situation under control and are looking out for your best interest.
It can be experienced by any crew member, resulting in that person being "along for the ride." In
a multi-person crew aircraft, the safe and effective completion of the mission depends upon the
professional performance of every crewmember. Never assume your pilot will take care of you.
EXCESSIVE PROFESSIONAL COURTESY: in general, we are hesitant to call attention to
deficient performance in others, particularly if they are senior to us. Thus, even when one
crewmember does point out performance which is outside established parameters, it is typically
done with very little emphasis. Instead of stating "Sir/Ma'am, you're a little fast," or "a little
low," use assertive specifics such as "I show our airspeed 15 knots fast" or "I show our altitude
225 feet low."
"THIS IS STUPID:" If the assertive statement is not successful, a statement such as, "This is
stupid" can help jog the crew into awareness of the risk(s) involved and prevent a potentially bad
decision from escalating into an aircraft mishap. It is often used along with the most
conservative response rule. Chances are if you think it is stupid, it is. Say something!
THE STRENGTH OF AN IDEA/CHANNELIZED ATTENTION. Strength of an idea can
be defined as an unconscious attempt to make available evidence fit a preconceived situation.
Once a person or group of people get a certain idea in their head(s), it is difficult or impossible
for them to alter the idea no matter how much conflicting information is received. Avoid
channelized attention or a closed-minded attitude which might allow a serious threat to the
mission without any awareness on the part of the crew. In a highly stressful situation, it is even
more important we do not focus our attention or become channelized on only one area.
SUDDEN LOSS OF JUDGEMENT (SLOJ): SLOJ is a condition in which an individual's
decision-making abilities become impaired. Even the most capable and experienced crews are
susceptible to this condition. It is generally precipitated by a real or perceived pressure to
perform or by workload or stress-related issues.
ASSERTIVE STATEMENT: the assertive statement is a non-threatening method by which a
crewmember can directly communicate concerns about a situation with which he/she is
uncomfortable. This five step process is:
Get the attention of the individual,
State the concern,
State the problem,
Offer a solution, and
Obtain an agreement.
CONTACT TRAINING 1-3