Break: A decelerating, 180° overhead transition flown at 45° AOB to position the aircraft on the
downwind leg in the downwind configuration.
Upwind: The extended runway centerline past the landing area and beyond.
Crosswind: The pattern leg, perpendicular to the runway, between upwind and downwind.
Downwind: The portion of the racetrack pattern offset from the runway in the opposite direction
Abeam: A point of the downwind leg abeam the intended point of landing.
Approach Turn, or Final Turn: A descending turn from the downwind leg to final approach.
180º position: Point at which approach turn is commenced.
90º Position, or Base: A point perpendicular to the runway, halfway around the final turn.
Final, or Final Approach: The extended centerline before the landing runway.
Aimpoint: A point in the runway approach end environment used as a reference, or teaching
tool, to fly the aircraft down final approach. The aimpoint remains fixed in the windscreen on
final. In the absence of a landing flare, the aimpoint would equal the intended point of landing.
Flare: The actual transition to landing; occurs in ground effect normally just a few feet above
Intended Point of Landing: This is the point on the runway where you intend to touch down
and should be within the first 1/3 of the runway. If a crash truck, wheels watch, runway duty
officer, etc. is positioned at the approach end of the duty runway, land past their position.
Touch and Go: A landing followed immediately by another takeoff (as opposed to a full-stop
Visual Wingtip Distance (WTD) References (Figure 6-2): Specific T-6A WTD are used in
subsequent explanations as a means to measure offset and are defined as: