LOW-LEVEL AND TACTICAL FORMATION
Functions as the weather ship during the flight (i.e., radar and radio calls to METRO/FSS)
and makes UNICOM voice reports.
Maintains overall SA and is prepared to assume the lead if needed.
Copilot (LEAD and WING). Primary duty is to back up the pilot during all phases of flight.
Additional responsibilities include:
Read and perform checklists when called for by the Pilot.
Monitor flight and engine instruments.
Enroute navigation (map reading, terrain avoidance and time control).
During low-level operations, attention should be focused outside
the aircraft, emphasizing threat detection and situational
204. COMMUNICATIONS (COMM)
COMM procedures shall be briefed and may be modified as required. Good COMM procedures
are essential for maintaining formation integrity. Aircrews shall minimize radio calls to reduce
frequency congestion. The two types of COMM are:
Internal COMM (Interplane). Internal COMM is communication between LEAD and
WING aircraft and is referred to as interplane. It is normally accomplished on a prebriefed
discreet VHF frequency. In the event that VHF is unavailable, UHF may be utilized; however,
UHF is normally used for External COMM (ATC communications). If acknowledgment of a
radio call is required from WING aircraft, use "2" or "3" vice the term "Roger". Attempt to
maintain radio discipline as much as possible on interplane but do not hesitate to talk if
necessary for safety or continuation of the mission.
External COMM. External COMM is communication between formation aircraft and
ATC. It is normally accomplished on UHF with LEAD communicating for the formation. If
acknowledgment of a radio call is required from WING aircraft, use "2" or "3" vice the term
"Roger". When directed to change to another frequency, LEAD replies "Roger, Montana/
Stingray xxx flight, push button XX (e.g., four)." WING will change to the appropriate
frequency; NO verbal response is required from WING.
In the event of an apparent breakdown in external COMM or a missed frequency change, resolve
confusion on interplane if possible. If unable, the flight should return to the last good frequency
to regain COMM. Appendix B has examples of the TACFORM COMMS.