LOW-LEVEL AND TACTICAL FORMATION
205. FORMATION EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
Aircraft emergencies or any situation that could result in a midair collision must be handled
quickly and safely. An aircraft with an emergency requiring immediate action will transmit
"KNOCK IT OFF". Any time "KNOCK IT OFF" is called, training is finished and the
formation will return home, as this phrase is used to discontinue the training evolution. Upon
hearing this call, all aircraft shall break off any aggressive maneuvering and return to the enroute
position. Discuss the situation on interplane and stand by for lead's direction. If necessary,
emergency aircraft will then obtain a separate ATC clearance and depart the formation. To
discontinue any type of maneuvering but continue on with the mission, the word
"TERMINATE" will be used.
Following is a list of unsafe situations/emergencies and appropriate procedures that shall be
briefed prior to each flight:
Inadvertent Weather Penetration Procedures (If IMC is unavoidable):
Note: The following procedure assumes in-trail position. If weather is entered while in fluid
trail, LEAD WILL BE DIRECTIVE. It is incumbent upon wingmen to inform lead of their
WING will advise LEAD if visual contact is deteriorating or is lost due to weather
conditions. WING will do this by transmitting that he has lost sight and give his last position in
relation to lead.
LEAD will transmit "Execute Inadvertent Weather Penetration" on interplane. LEAD will
include base heading and a base altitude (normally ESA) with his radio call. LEAD will climb at
enroute airspeed 1000 feet above base altitude. (Refer to Figure 2-1.)
TWO turns 45º away (normally right) from LEAD for 2 minutes while simultaneously
climbing at enroute airspeed 500 above base altitude.
THREE turns 45º away (normally left) from LEAD for 2 minutes while climbing at enroute
airspeed to base altitude.
If VMC is regained, LEAD will coordinate a rendezvous. If VMC is not regained, LEAD
will coordinate with ATC for separate IFR clearances to a recovery base.