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Mandatory Speeds and/or Altitudes. STARs may have mandatory speeds and/or crossing altitudes
published. Some STARs have planning information depicted to inform pilots what clearances or
restrictions to "expect." "Expect" altitudes/speeds are not considered STAR restrictions until verbally
issued by ATC. They are published for planning purposes and should not be used in the event of lost
communications unless ATC has specifically advised the pilot to expect these altitudes/speeds as part of a
further clearance. Additionally, STARs will normally depict MEAs.
Altitude Clearance. Pilots shall maintain last assigned altitude until receiving authorization/clearance to
change altitude. At that time, pilots are expected to comply with all published/issued restrictions. The
authorization may be via a normal descent clearance or the phraseology "Descend Via."
Example of Lateral Routing Clearance Only. "Navy 1G437, cleared the NEILL ONE arrival." In this case,
you are cleared the NEILL ONE routing but are expected to maintain your present altitude awaiting further
Example of Routing with Assigned Altitude. "Navy 1G437, cleared DEWEY ONE arrival; descend and
maintain flight level two four zero." In this situation, you are cleared via the DEWEY ONE's routing and
cleared to descend to FL240.
"DESCEND VIA" Clearances. A "Descend Via" clearance authorizes pilots to vertically and laterally
navigate, in accordance with the depicted procedure, to meet published restrictions. Descent is at pilot's
discretion; however, adherence to published altitude crossing restrictions and speeds is mandatory unless
otherwise cleared. MEAs are not considered restrictions; however, pilots are expected to remain above
MEAs. ATC will normally only give a "Descend Via" clearance if mandatory altitudes are on the STAR;
"Descend Via" clearances will normally not be given if "expect" altitudes are depicted on the STAR.
Example of "DESCEND VIA" Clearance. "Navy 1G437, Descend Via the BLAKE ONE arrival."
If you receive this "Descend Via" clearance, you are expected to vertically and laterally navigate in
accordance with the BLAKE ONE arrival. A good example of a STAR with this type of clearance is
the JAMMN ONE arrival into Salt Lake City, Utah.
Notify ATC. Pilots cleared for vertical navigation using the phraseology "Descend Via" shall
inform ATC upon initial contact with a new frequency. For example, "Navy 1G437, descending via
the JAMMN ONE arrival."
Accepting Clearance. Before filing or accepting a clearance for a STAR, ensure you can comply with any
altitude and/or airspeed restrictions associated with the procedure. If you filed a STAR in your flight plan,
then an initial ATC clearance of "cleared as filed" clears you for the STAR routing (not altitudes) as well.
Clearance for the STAR is not clearance for the approach it may bring you to.
G. Student Tendencies.
Not planning the enroute descent; starting descent too close to the field and being rushed or
descending far earlier than necessary when given a pilot's discretion descent
Not repeating all headings, altitudes (departing and assigned), and altimeter settings to ATC
Missing radio calls
Not getting weather and/or ATIS information soon enough
Concentrating on flying and forgetting about the approach checklist
Not being prepared when ATC issues a clearance for a STAR
Attempting to exceed VMO in the descent
Uncertain use of fuel log

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