INSTRUMENT FLIGHT RULES WORKBOOK
When you are given instructions for holding, the controller will designate (1) the direction of
holding from the fix, (2) the holding fix, (3) the radial, bearing, or airway on which the aircraft is
to hold, (4) direction of turns (if nonstandard), (5) the assigned altitude (not required, if
remaining the same), and (6) the expected further clearance time.
Figure 7-4 VOR - Holding
A TACAN holding fix is defined by a radial and distance. The holding pattern is not overhead
of the NAVAID as with VOR holding patterns. Figure 7-5 illustrates a typical TACAN holding
"...hold west of the 20 DME fix on the 090 radial of the Jax VORTAC, 5 mile legs . . ."
Figure 7-5 Hold West of the 20 DME Fix