NOTE: If the holding radial is within +/- 5 degrees of the entry plot quadrant division points, either entry
procedure associated with the point may be used. The most appropriate entry is determined by
consideration of known wind, holding airspace, etc.
1. Parallel Procedure: When approaching the holding fix from anywhere in sector (A), the parallel entry
procedure would be to turn to a heading to parallel the holding course/radial outbound on the
nonholding side. (See Figure 33) Wings level (VOR only) time for one or one and one half minutes
(depending on the altitude), at end of timing (VOR) or outbound DME (TACAN) turn in the direction of
the holding pattern through more than 180 degrees, and return to the holding fix or intercept the
holding course inbound.
A. Parallel entry
B. Teardrop entry
C. Direct entry
Figure 33: HOLDING ENTRY
2. Teardrop Procedure: When approaching the holding fix from anywhere in sector (B), the teardrop
entry procedure would be to fly to the fix, turn outbound with a heading change of 30 degrees more
than the outbound holding course/radial for a nonstandard holding pattern or 30 degrees less than the
outbound holding course/radial for standard holding pattern to initiate the teardrop entry within the
pattern (on the holding side). Wings level outbound (VOR only), time for a period of one or one and
one-half minutes (depending on the altitude). Turn to parallel holding radial at desired offset. At end
of timing (VOR) or pattern outbound DME (TACAN), turn in the direction of the holding pattern to
intercept the inbound holding course or proceed directly back to the fix.