T-6A INSTRUMENT NAVIGATION
Continue squawking the assigned transponder code if in radio
contact with ATC. If unable to immediately establish two-way
radio communications with ATC, squawk code 7700.
VMC. Remain VMC if possible while executing the appropriate emergency procedures. Notify
ATC of the nature of your emergency and your intended action. It is the Aircraft Commander's
decision whether to continue the flight or land as soon as possible. When communicating with
ATC, consider your terminology. ATC will probably be unfamiliar with the term Precautionary
Emergency Landing (PEL), however they will certainly understand the request for a
"precautionary approach" or an emergency landing.
IMC. If unable to reach VMC and continued flight under IMC conditions is required, notify
ATC of the nature of your emergency and your intended action. Consider all pertinent
information. In a situation that requires a PEL, you may not be able to intercept the Emergency
Landing Pattern (ELP), due to IMC condition or if you can't see the airfield. Considerations at
that point will be to determine your present position relative to the nearest IAF compatible with
the navigational equipment installed on your aircraft. Do not hesitate to declare an emergency if
priority handling would expedite your approach and landing. Use good headwork when
requesting the approach. Radar vectors to the FAC is expeditious, however, not always
available. Other methods include immediate clearance for a TACAN or VOR approach, as well
as GCAs. Situational awareness is essential to exercising good headwork.
1. "Pensacola Approach, KATT 603, holding at CHAPE, indicating low oil pressure,
declaring an emergency, request immediate clearance for the RNAV 1 approach into Navy
2. "Pensacola Approach, KATT 603, approximately 5 miles west of PENSI, experiencing fuel
fumes in the cockpit, declaring an emergency, request radar vectors for an ILS 17 approach at
Pensacola Regional Airport."
Other considerations may include:
Requesting a crash crew or ambulance to be standing by.
Maintaining airspeed and/or altitude until closer to the FAF or runway.
3. In the event of an engine failure in IMC conditions, a descent might require ATC to clear
other aircraft below you out of the way. Weather at the time of engine failure will affect your
decision to eject or stay with the aircraft until VMC is reached and the ELP may be intercepted.
SUPPLEMENTAL AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES D-5