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APPENDIX B
INSTRUMENT APPROACH PROCEDURES STUDY TECHNIQUES
GENERAL
During preflight planning, check forecast surface wind at your destination for your ETA. The
runway in use is not always the one most closely aligned into the wind due to noise abatement
procedures or traffic patterns, but usually you can narrow the number of IAP charts to be studied.
RECOMMENDED STUDY TECHNIQUES
The following is a recommended technique to study IAP charts:
Plan view to mentally fly the approach from the IAF to the MAP and determine all lead points
and procedures that apply during the approach. Identify the point where the aircraft should be
configured for landing. You should take note of headings, NAVAID frequency and location, and
the holding pattern if published. Other information available to you on the plan view are:
1.  Feeder routes are designed to channel aircraft from the enroute structure to the IAF. They
are published only if they provide an operational advantage and coincide with the normal local
air traffic flow. The course you see will take you to the IAF. The distance displayed is from the
feeder fix to the IAF.
NOTE
This is not an intersection and CANNOT be used to identify the
FAF.
2.  Minimum safe altitude provides pilots who lose their radios, with at least 1000 feet of
obstacle clearance within a specified distance from the navigational facility upon which the
procedure is predicated. These altitudes are identified as minimum sector altitudes or emergency
safe altitudes and are established as follows:
a.
Minimum sector altitudes are depicted on approach charts, which provide at
least 1000 feet of obstacle clearance within a 25-mile radius of the navigation
facility upon which the procedure is predicated. These altitudes are for
emergency use only and do not necessarily assure acceptable navigational
signal coverage.
b.
Emergency safe altitudes are depicted on approach charts which provide at
least 1000 feet of obstacle clearance in non-mountainous areas and 2000 feet
of obstacle clearance in designated mountainous areas within a 100 miles
radius of the navigation facility upon which the procedure is predicated and
normally used only in military procedures. These altitudes are for emergency
use only and do not necessarily assure acceptable navigational signal
coverage.
INSTRUMENT APPROACH PROCEDURES STUDY TECHNIQUES
B-1


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