You are cleared to leave the formation
Lead gives kiss off signal than points
to aircraft they want to leave the
Rejoin to parade
Pat shoulder (or aircraft porpoise).
Prepare for lead change
Arm extended vertically with palm
(Push forward signal)
Fingers extended, make a pushing
Offer lead change
Lead pilot taps the front of his helmet
three times and then points to the
10. Lead change
Wingman pilot taps the front of his
helmet three times and then points
11. Prepare to extend speed brake
Open and close 4 fingers against
thumb with fingertips pointing forward
simulating speed brake.
Prior to the break, raise hand vertically
(palm inboard), motion hand toward
inside of cockpit simulating "come
Three (3)-second break
Same as runup signal: extend arm
vertically with 2 fingers extended.
Rotate wrist in circular motion.
(Wingman will use the standard 3-
second pattern break interval.)
Prepare to lower/raise gear
Rotary movement of hand in cockpit as
if cranking the wheels down.
Lead pilot only nods head forward
then, raises head abruptly moving the
FORMATION VISUAL SIGNALS