The SNFO/SWSO should at all times be on the lookout for hazards to safe flight. These hazards
include other aircraft in the low altitude environment, birds, charted aerodromes, and vertical
Figure 5-2 Bird Zone
You are required at this stage to inform the pilot of hazards to flight following these guidelines:
1. Vertical obstructions within 3 NM and 500 feet of aircraft altitude
2. All aerodromes within 5 NM of the aircraft's flight path.
3. All birds and aircraft.
4. Crossing/Conflicting low-level routes.
For standardization and clarity of description, hazards are described in terms of time ahead of the
aircraft and distance. Avoid giving hazards further than 2 minutes away.
The "bird zone" is from 11:30-12:30 on the horizon. A bird in the zone should be properly called
out as "Bird, right/left/on the nose, level or high." Refer to Figure 5-2.