A technique for clearing turns is to use 15º of bank for 30º of turn
either side of present heading or, if directed, the instructor provided
heading. Don't focus on flying perfect clearing turns at the
expense of actually clearing traffic around you.
Your cockpit references will vary by the type of transition. During climb and descents, the
airspeed indicator becomes the nose attitude crosscheck instrument. The EHSI remains the
crosscheck for wings level (constant heading). Leveling off from a climb or descent, the
altimeter and vertical speed indicator become the nose attitude crosscheck instruments.
BASIC TRANSITIONS PROCEDURES
200 feet prior to level-off altitude, begin lowering nose toward the level flight attitude.
Trim for acceleration.
Five knots prior to desired cruise airspeed:
Power smoothly reduce to normal cruise, 54% (fast cruise, 80%).
Attitude set level flight picture
Trim as necessary to remove all pressures from the flight controls and check the balance
ball centered (coordinated flight).
Power - smoothly advance power to max.
Attitude - raise the nose to 12-15º nose high (nose attitude slightly above the 180-knot
climbing attitude shown in Figure 5-4).
Trim as required and commence clearing turns as appropriate.
As described in the following procedures, climbs greater than
1000 feet are accomplished at the normal 180 KIAS, accompanied
by clearing turns. Climbs of 1000 feet or less will be done at max
power and cruise airspeed (200 or 240 KIAS) without clearing
turns. In order to maintain airspeed, cruise airspeed climbs
necessitate milder pitch changes than described in the procedures
As airspeed decreases to 180 KIAS, lower nose slightly to the normal climbing attitude, 8º
nose high (Figure 5-4).