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CHAPTER SIX
SECTION LOW ALTITUDE TACTICS AND PROCEDURES
4.
Shackle Turn - LEAD: "Turbo, Shackle." WINGMAN: "Two."
LOW ALTITUDE MANEUVERING SUMMARY
It is imperative that aircrew master the concept of task management - first and foremost, avoid
the dirt; then execute the mission. The workload at low altitude is extremely high. It is critical
that the basics previously discussed are learned correctly and proper habit patterns practiced
from the beginning of your low altitude training. If safety is ever in doubt while in the low
altitude environment, an immediate climb to the planned Emergency Safe Altitude (ESA) shall
be initiated.
605. ROUTE CORRECTIONS/DISORIENTATION
While established on the low-level route, the lead and wing students will navigate the route just
as accomplished during Intermediate. As previously stated, the lead will navigate as close to the
route center as possible while the wingman can expect to be 1 NM off centerline. Lead may be
required to correct either course drift or route timing during the low-level. This section will
discuss procedures for corrections.
COURSE CORRECTIONS
If, during the low-level, the lead finds itself off course, the following procedures will be used:
1.
Analyze number of miles off course (according to chart).
2.  Chart of course corrections for 300 KTS groundspeed (Start to the IP) or 360 KTS
groundspeed (IP to Target):
Length of Correction
Off Course
Correct Base Heading
300 KTS
360 KTS
One mile
10 degrees
1 minute
48 sec
Two miles
10 degrees
2 minutes
1 min 36 sec
20 degrees
1 minute
48 sec
Three miles
10 degrees
3 minutes
2 min 24 sec
20 degrees
1.5 minutes
1 min 12 sec
30 degrees
1 minute
48 sec
a.
Make the smallest corrections possible due to section formation limitations.
b.
Make the appropriate 10, 20, or 30 degree changes to wind corrected heading only.
c.
Be directive to the pilot. For example: assume wind corrected heading 097 and the
lead is 1.5 NM left of course. If the ingress airspeed is 300KTS, the OUI would say,
"Right 107, 10 deg correction for 1 minute and 30 seconds."
d.
The student would then monitor the correction and direct the pilot back to the
appropriate heading when on the route centerline.
6-22
SECTION LOW ALTITUDE TACTICS AND PROCEDURES


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