BASIC INSTRUMENT PROCEDURES
Those positive recovery procedures are the subject of this Section. While unusual attitudes are
possible during any environmental condition, they are most dangerous during IMC (instrument
meteorological conditions) and at night, as such unusual attitudes require a recovery on
instruments. Instrument recoveries are therefore prescribed herein. Prompt and correct recovery
technique is critical, particularly if at low altitude. The recovery procedures are the same in the
simulator and the aircraft, although consideration should be given to the fact that the simulator
VGI tends to be more reliable. An expeditious instrument crosscheck can insure recovery
instructions are correct, even though the VGI may not be absolutely accurate.
For purposes of this instruction, there are three basic types of unusual attitudes:
Nose high above 120 knots
Nose high below 120 knots
Each of these recoveries will be practiced during the simulator and FAM phases of T-2C training
in VT-86. In the T-2C aircraft, students will provide the verbal instructions below, derived from
T-2C NATOPS, to direct an Instructor Pilot (IP) to recover from unusual attitudes. In the 2F101
simulator, the SNFO will verbalize recovery instructions while simultaneously executing
recovery procedures. Prior to practicing unusual attitudes, the IP or Simulator Instructor (SI)
will announce "SIMULATED UNUSUAL ATTITUDES", whereupon the SNFO will complete
the STALL/AEROBATIC CHECKLIST (T-2C In-flight guide), and report it complete.
Nose Low Unusual Attitudes
A nose low unusual attitude is defined as an attitude in which the miniature aircraft is displayed
in the darker (lower) half of the VGI (Figure 1-10). A crosscheck of other instruments will
indicate an increase in airspeed and a decrease in altitude. Nose low unusual attitudes often
involve high airspeeds. Rolling pullouts must be avoided at high airspeeds to prevent
overstressing the aircraft. Altitude loss should be minimized, and students should be familiar
with the dive recovery charts in the NATOPS Flight Manual.
To effect recovery from a nose low unusual attitude, the student will recite the procedures in
BOLD below verbatim (word-for-word).
Upon the command from the IP or SI to "RECOVER"
"PCLs IDLE - SPEEDBRAKES EXTEND, ROLL RIGHT/LEFT." (the student is
instructing the IP to simultaneously reduce power, extend speed brakes, and roll in the shortest
direction to wings- level upright).
BASIC INSTRUMENT PROCEDURES 1-31