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CHAPTER THREE
RADIO INSTRUMENTS
Figure 3-7 Holding Pattern
Finally, in the above example, the instructions direct "left turns". The correct pattern therefore is
illustrated in Figure 3-7.
HOLDING PATTERN ENTRY PROCEDURES
There are three holding entries, depending on aircraft heading crossing the fix (Figure 3-8).
Examples are shown no-wind; appropriate wind corrections should be employed during holding
entries (about 3 per 10 knots of direct crosswind).
1.  Parallel Procedure: Upon crossing the holding fix, turn to track parallel to the holding
course (parallel meaning "equidistant at all points, neither converging nor diverging") for one
minute, then turn toward the holding radial (should be into holding airspace), and return to the
holding fix or intercept the holding course and track it to the holding fix.
2.  Teardrop Procedure: Upon crossing the holding fix, turn to fly outbound on a track of
30 (or less) from the reciprocal of the holding course (should be into the holding airspace) for
one minute, then turn to intercept holding radial and track it to the holding fix.
3.
Direct Entry Procedure: Upon crossing the holding fix, turn and fly the pattern.
The appropriate entry requires first determining whether the pattern is Standard or Non-
Standard. Once that is determined then utilize the BDHI to determine the correct entry.
3-32
RADIO INSTRUMENTS


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