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CHAPTER FOUR
SNFO/SWSO VOICE COMMUNICATIONS
414. DECLARING EMERGENCIES
When you find yourself in a desperate situation, it may be time to swallow your pride and
declare an emergency. It is very important to get the controller's attention properly:
SNFO/SWSO:
"Houston Center, BUCK 723 is declaring an
emergency..."
Change your squawk to 7700 if there is not an immediate response from ATC. This emergency
squawk causes alarms to go off and alerts every controller that you have a problem. Obviously,
ATC won't know what the problem is and won't be able to assist until you inform them. You
can expect the controller to ask questions since there are ATC procedures the controller must
follow in the event of an emergency. Remember, take care of your airplane first. If the
controller can provide any assistance, advise the controller. If the controller is bothering you at a
time you are busy with other things, tell the controller to "stand by."
415. EMERGENCY VOICE REPORTS
Use MAYDAY for serious emergencies that you have no time to fix (perhaps occurring at a low
altitude). When repeated three times, it indicates imminent and grave danger and that immediate
assistance is required. MAYDAY reports should be broadcast on guard, 243.0 UHF or 121.5
VHF. The following ISPI format should be used:
I
identification
S
situation
P
position
I
intentions
Example
SNFO/SWSO:
"MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY, BUCK 712
has an engine failure, 5 miles south of Oyster Bay,
will be landing in a farmer's field to the north."
4-16
SPECIAL SITUATIONS


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