FLIGHT TRAINING PUBLICATION (FLIP) STUDENT GUIDE
Includes the designation of the area. Refer to the paragraph below, "ICAO Location
Identifiers for Countries, " for a more detailed explanation.
P-Prohibited Areas - Flights are prohibited except by special permission.
R-Restricted Areas - Flights are prohibited during published periods of use unless
permission is obtained from controlling authority.
W-Warning Areas - Flights are not restricted but avoidance is advised during time of use.
D-Danger Areas - Flights are not restricted but avoidance is advised during time of use.
A-Alert Areas - Flights are not restricted. An area where there is concentrated student
training or other unusual area activity of operational significance. The suffixes in parentheses
added to the Canadian Alert Area designators are: (A) for Acrobatic; (H) for Hang Gliding; (P)
for Parachute Dropping; (S) for Soaring; and (T) for Training.
Effective Altitude Column
1. When the lower limit of the area is the surface it is not published, e.g., "To 5000" means
the lower limit is the surface.
The word "To" preceding a flight level or altitude means "to and including" that flight level
or altitude, e.g., "To 5,000" includes 5000 feet.
When altitudes are not published, it means that the nation or controlling agency has not
provided the information. Aircrews should assume maximum restriction, e.g., altitude is surface
Time Used Column
1. Days-Sunrise to sunset except Canada where it means ½ hour before sunrise to ½ hour after
2. Nights-Sunset to sunrise except Canada where it means ½ hour after sunset to ½ hour
Cont-24 hours a day and/or 7 days a week.
Mon - Fri-indicates area is active every day from Monday through Friday inclusive.
Intmt - Not continuous. Check with controlling agency for status of area.
2-8 AREA PLANNING 1, 1A, AND 1B