FLIGHT TRAINING PUBLICATION (FLIP) STUDENT GUIDE
The next line in Figure 7-22 lists the circling minima for a non-precision approach to a runway
that does not have a published approach. Associated with any circling approach is a MDA and a
Height Above Airport (HAA). Visibility for circling is given in statute miles of prevailing
visibility. (See Figure 7-23 for the Planview depiction of the altitudes.)
Figure 7-23 Planview Depiction
You must have reported weather of at least a 500 feet ceiling and 1½ miles PV before
commencing the approach, when reaching the Minimum Descent Altitude of 4760 feet MSL,
you will be 465 feet above the highest elevation on any usable landing surface (4295 feet MSL)
and approximately 35 feet below the ceiling of 500 feet. In this example, the TDZE for runway
22 is the same as the airport elevation, but this will often not be the case.
A circling approach is a visual flight maneuver and is used to align the aircraft with the landing
runway after the instrument approach is completed. For example, your clearance from Approach
Control reads as follows:
"KATT 815, CANNON APPROACH, YOU ARE CLEARED FOR THE HI-TACAN 22
APPROACH TO CANNON, CIRCLE TO LAND RUNWAY 13."
As in Figure 7-24, you would use the published HI-TACAN Instrument Approach
Procedure for Runway 13 but you would use the published CIRCLING minimums on that
procedure since you will not be landing on Runway 13.
Each landing situation is different because of the variables of ceiling, visibility, wind direction
and velocity, obstructions and final approach course. Since these variables exist in many