FLIGHT TRAINING PUBLICATION (FLIP) STUDENT GUIDE
The procedure track takes the aircraft from the FAF to the Missed Approach Point (MAP), while
descending from FAF altitude to the Minimum Descent Altitude (MDA). Normally this is flown
with a 500 FPM rate of descent in the landing configuration.
Prior to departing on an IFR flight, you should become thoroughly familiar with the instrument
approach procedure you plan to use at your destination, and at an alternate airfield if required.
The first part of your instrument approach procedure will be the penetration phase. This is the
procedure which prescribes a descent path for your aircraft from the IAF to the FAF; that is, a
path over the ground to follow while rapidly descending from a cruise altitude to an altitude from
which to begin the procedural phase. Four basic types of penetration patterns associated with
high altitude instrument approach procedures are listed below:
Straight-In-Penetration (Figure 7-1). This procedure pattern allows the use of a single
course from the IAF to the FAF.
Figure 7-1 Straight-In-Penetration