Introduction - A teardrop approach is a type of procedure turn which uses an outbound to
inbound radial intercept maneuver to reverse course and establish the aircraft inbound on the
intermediate and final approach course. Do not exceed the "Remain Within" distance. The
teardrop approach is usually a timed approach.
Teardrop approaches are not very common in the low altitude approach plates, however in
the FLIP High Altitude IAP's the teardrop maneuver is often used with non-DME penetrations.
Procedure - You have received clearance direct to the Cecil VOR, maintain 4000, cleared for
the VOR-A approach to Navy Jacksonville (Figure 9).
1. At the IAF, indicated by station passage, execute the "6 T's":
a. TIME - Start the clock's sweep second hand for three minutes outbound timing when
wings level or abeam the station, whichever occurs last.
(Three minutes, at 120 KIAS,
will put your teardrop turn at six miles.)
b. TURN - Turn in the shortest direction to parallel the outbound course (263°).
INSTRUMENT DEPARTURES AND APPROACHES