LOW-LEVEL AND TACTICAL FORMATION
practicable. The following procedures will be followed if any aircraft in a formation loses total
WING lost communications. WING will turn their rotating beacon and strobe lights off
and cautiously assume a loose line abreast position. LEAD (or other WING if a 3-ship) should
note WING's beacon/strobes off and "tail wag" to tell WING that LEAD knows he's NORDO
and to rejoin. After receiving no response from WING on interplane, inform ATC of NORDO
wingman, and lead the formation home. Normally, the affected aircraft will full stop while all
others wave off (this will preclude having any other aircraft on rollout with the NORDO
LEAD lost communications. LEAD will turn his beacon and strobe lights off and "tail
wag" by stepping lightly on the rudders. This should catch TWO's attention. TWO should
assume a line abreast position. LEAD will signal that he has lost communications and clear
TWO to take the lead. The former LEAD then turns his beacon/strobes back on to signal the
completion of the lead change, exits the formation in the safest direction and rejoins at the end of
TWO will always assume LEAD regardless of formation size.
If necessary, use hand or other signals as briefed or contained in Section A of the Flight
Engine failure. The primary hazard during engine failure is a rapid loss of airspeed with
accompanying yaw into the dead engine. WING must be prepared for emergency evasive
maneuvering if LEAD loses an engine. Any aircraft with any sign of impending engine failure
shall call "KNOCK IT OFF".
Mid-air collision. In the event of a mid-air collision, regain control and make a "KNOCK IT
OFF" call. Follow NATOPS procedures to determine aircraft controllability. Lead will
coordinate altitude assignments as necessary. If feasible, attempt to visually assess the other
aircraft's damage as you regain separation. Do not reform, maintain well clear and recover as
the situation dictates.
206. PERTINENT CHARACTERISTICS OF THE T-44A/TC-12B
The T-44A/TC-12B does not have a speed brake or any other device designed to slow the airplane
rapidly. The following is a brief discussion of various techniques to slow the T-44/TC-12, and
their applicability to formation training:
Pulling the power levers to flight idle will not immediately slow the airplane. Anticipation
(recognizing a closure rate on LEAD) and proper power reduction will decrease the probability
of an overrun. This is the best technique to control airspeed and relative motion.