LOW-LEVEL AND TACTICAL FORMATION
Figure 2-2 Visual In-Trail
The in-trail formation position for TWO is right of LEAD, 500 feet behind, out of prop-
wash, with wingtip overlap (see Figure 2-2). The in-trail formation position for THREE is left of
LEAD, 1000 feet behind, out of prop-wash with wingtip overlap. In the in-trail position, each
WING must stay on their appropriate side. Some good references for "in position" are LEAD's
right stab tip over his right nacelle for TWO, and left stab tip over his left nacelle for THREE
(see TF picture book). When in position, LEAD should look approximately three inches wide
from wingtip to wingtip (about the distance between an extended index finger and little finger)
for TWO, and one inch (about the width of a thumb) for THREE (see Figure 2-3).
While in the in-trail position, LEAD should use a smooth, steady roll rate in and out of
turns. Attempt to limit bank angle to 30° but do not exceed 45°.
WING will follow LEAD's turn using visual references. All aircraft execute their turns
over the same geographical point with WING maintaining LEAD's general flight path.