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ADIZ Procedures. The U.S. IFR Supplement and Airman's Information Manual cover all the
specifics on ADIZ procedures, and should be read for further information. Tolerances for a Coastal ADIZ
are +5 minutes, +20 NM from centerline of the proposed route, and on altitude. It is easiest to use either a
published fix or a radial/DME for an IFR pick-up point. Prior to chopping VFR, advise center of your
proposed operations. While operating in the ADIZ, monitor guard for an "Unknown Rider" call. If a call
is heard and is possibly for your aircraft, turn either parallel to or away from the coast and answer on either
guard or the GCI frequency to clarify your position and identification. Failure to do so could result in a
possible interception and ADIZ violation.
Recovery. Upon completion of the on-station period, proceed to your pick-up point. Contact the
controlling ATC facility to activate your IFR flight plan. The frequency may be the last assigned or the
most appropriate from the enroute low altitude chart. Using center or an approach control is preferable, but
FSS is also an option. The same voice procedures used for an IFR recovery from Seagull can be utilized
(position, altitude, and request). From this point perform a normal IFR transit and approach to home field.
Emergencies. It is obvious a malfunction, no matter how small, could lead to catastrophe at low altitude.
If the problem is not easily correctable, it would be prudent to begin a climb prior to emergency procedure
execution or extensive troubleshooting. Some specific situations are addressed in the following
Engine Fire/Malfunction. Any situation leading to an engine shutdown requires an immediate
climb, while executing the appropriate procedures during the ascent.
Ditching. If a situation arises requiring a ditch at low altitude, immediate action is required; time
will be the most limited asset. Thorough knowledge of your procedures and assigned responsibilities is
essential. Review NATOPS Ditching procedures.
Lost Aircraft/Lost Communications. If at any time your position is unknown, applying the five
"C's" is appropriate (Confess, Climb, Communicate, Conserve, and Comply). If over-water, turn west
until intercepting the coast then turn to a northerly heading paralleling the coastline. If the heading is
greater than 023, your position is north of the Corpus area; less than 023, you are south. If lost
communications are encountered while on the IFR portion of the flight, utilize the standard procedures in
the FIH. If the communications are lost while operating VFR, maintain VMC conditions, squawking the
appropriate codes, making calls in the blind, and land as soon as practical. Be sure to contact Base
Operations to cancel the flight plan and clear up any questions about your ADIZ penetration.
Survival Equipment Requirements. OPNAV 3710.7 lists the requirements for survival equipment.
Since the Gulf waters in our area normally do not drop below 60 F, anti-exposure suits are not required.
For a water temperature of 60 F, survival time is two hours or more. If water temperature in the Gulf goes
below 60 F, anti-exposure suits can be acquired from T-44 issue. LPAs are unusable in the T-44A due to
their bulk, which would restrict movement in the cockpit. Life preservers (LPP-1) have been procured by
the wing, and are available from T-44 issue. Instructions on their use can be found in the brief book. Wear
life preservers over the water below 1000'. Further information can be found in Chapter 8 of OPNAV

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