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Snapped Control Cable. IP announces a particular control in the cockpit moves freely, but has no
effect on the control surface. Utilize available controls and power to maintain control.
Turns, climbs, and descents may be practiced during any simulated control malfunction. No simulated
malfunction may be practiced to touchdown. Solos will not practice flight control malfunctions.
Dual Engine Failure. A simulated dual engine failure allows practice of restart procedures and may be
followed by a simulated ditch. Simulated ditches shall not be practiced with an engine actually secured or a
prop feathered.
The maneuver may be initiated in any configuration above 91 KIAS by the IP reducing both power levers
to idle. It may be commenced following a simulated engine shutdown by reducing the remaining power
lever to idle. "Sea level" shall be assumed to be the bottom of the block. You will select an appropriate
ditch heading unless instructed otherwise.
The size of the Seagull blocks (i.e. 2000') generally do not allow sufficient time to complete a successful
Starter-Assisted Airstart. Unless NATOPS recommends not attempting a restart (fire, etc.), or insufficient
battery voltage exists, a simulated restart attempt should be made on both engines simultaneously. The
following procedures should be utilized:
Clean up if required and commence a turn toward the coastline, a desired heading, or IP
assigned heading while transitioning to 130 KIAS. 102 KIAS will allow you more time for
restart if altitude is minimal.
Simultaneously commence the Windmilling Airstart Checklist. Simulate both condition levers
at fuel cutoff by pointing at both levers. The autoignition may be armed, or the starters may be
simulated on, at the student's discretion. The IP will state "no lightoff" or "lightoff on the
left/right/both." If a restart is successful, add power and complete the checklist. If the restart
fails, complete the Emergency Engine Shutdown Checklist (appropriate items as time permits)
and follow ditching procedures. The IP shall reduce RPM to 1900 when the props are
(simulated) feathered and may add power to 100 ft-lbs.
Stop engine restart attempts at some point during the engine out ditch. The engines should be
secured by doing at least the first three items of the Emergency Shutdown Checklist. Place
emphasis on flying a proper ditch. Attempting engine relights all the way to the water is likely
to deplete all battery power if using the starters. This would eliminate the possibility of a
successful IFR ditch.
Emergency Descent. The emergency descent shall be accomplished in accordance with NATOPS with the
student verbalizing each step. The emergency descent enables maximum altitude loss in minimum time. It
may be utilized under normal or emergency conditions when rapid loss of altitude is desired. "Sea level"
shall be assumed to be the bottom of the block unless instructed otherwise. During low altitude operations,
recoveries must be commenced no lower than 2000' AGL and completed no lower than 1000' AGL.
If altitude to lose is less than 2000', or if operating on battery power only, it is recommended that flaps and
gear be left up during the descent. Exercise extreme caution any time full flaps are utilized. There is a
possibility that the flaps and gear may not come up due to an electrical or mechanical malfunction. Modify
airspeed as required to achieve the desired rate in a clean descent. Do not exceed 227 KIAS.
Windshield heat is utilized to prevent condensation when descending from high altitude into a warm moist
environment. It generally is not required during low altitude operations.
Recovery From Emergency Descent. Approximately 500' above target altitude, simultaneously add
power and gradually pitch up to a level attitude. If required, select flaps approach, gear up, and then bring
the flaps full up. Reduce props to 1900 and recover on altitude at the desired airspeed. Adjust the recovery
transition point as required if terminating in a ditch.
Ditching. Simulated ditching allows practice of procedures required to successfully complete a water
landing. Waveoffs following a simulated ditch shall be initiated no lower than 4000' AGL utilizing both
engines. The instructor shall fly all ditch recoveries. The maneuver is complete upon simulated water

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