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JOINT ADVANCED MULTI-ENGINE T-44A
Altitude.
VNAV land routes should be flown between 500 and 6500 feet AGL (enroute). Altitudes above 6500'
AGL are discouraged for training due to difficulty in identifying checkpoints. Ensure cloud clearances,
VFR cruising rules, and OPNAV minimums are observed. Mode C is required at or above 10,000' MSL
(over the 48 contiguous states and District of Columbia), excluding airspace below 2500' AGL. VNAV
flights are prohibited in designated mountainous terrain.
VFR Cruising Altitudes.
VFR aircraft above 3000' AGL shall maintain the following altitudes unless: (1) Turning or climbing,
(2) Holding in a holding pattern of two minutes or less, or (3) Otherwise authorized by ATC.
Magnetic course 000 to 179 degrees: Odd altitude plus 500, 3500, 5500, etc.
Magnetic course 180 to 359 degrees: Even altitude plus 500, 4500, 6500, etc.
Minimum Altitude.
Except when necessary for takeoff and landing, or when the mission requires otherwise, flights in fixed
wing aircraft shall not be conducted below 500' AGL. Flights shall be conducted so persons on the ground
experience a minimum of annoyance.
Breeding farms, resorts, beaches, wildlife refuges, national parks, national monuments, and national
recreation areas should be avoided when operating below 3000' AGL, unless conducted in an approved
traffic or approach pattern, VR or IR route, or special use airspace. Some particularly sensitive areas, such
as the Grand Canyon, have published minimum altitudes and transit routes. Strict compliance is
mandatory.
Avoid low level overflight of nuclear reactors/munitions, ordnance depots, or other security sensitive areas.
FARs prescribe the following additional minimum altitudes:
Anywhere.
An altitude such that if an engine fails, an emergency landing may be accomplished without undue hazard
to persons or property on the surface.
Congested Areas.
Over any congested area of a city, town, or settlement, or over any open-air assembly of persons, 1000'
above the highest obstacle within 2000' horizontal radius of the aircraft.
Uncongested Areas.
500' AGL except over open water or sparsely populated areas. Never closer than 500' to any person,
vessel, vehicle, or structure.
Fuel Planning.
The following fuel planning guidelines shall be utilized: Takeoff to destination airfield plus reserve of 10%
of planned fuel. Utilize the appropriate NATOPS chart to determine fuel flow. Enter fuel required for each
leg on the jetlog. Ensure that a fuel packet is onboard if required.
NOTE: In no case shall planned fuel reserve (after final landing at destination) be less than 20 minutes.
FARs require a minimum of 30 minutes reserve (day) and 45 minutes reserve (night), for VFR flight.
No alternate fuel is required for a VFR flight.
A multiengine fuel log or jetlog fuel plan is required for all VNAV flights.
Check Wing and Squadron Instructions for further fuel restrictions over OPNAV 3710.7 series
requirements.
VISUAL NAVIGATION STAGE
6-3


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