AIR FORCE T-38 TRACK INTERMEDIATES
Wing recognizes excessive closure approaching Route.
(2) Wingman turns aggressively away from Lead to establish a vector away and to
arrest line of sight.
Wingman simultaneously selects PCL idle, while lowering the nose.
Once overtake is under control the Wingman smoothly moves into the Fingertip
In Primary, you used radius of turn and the same airspeed as Lead to rejoin. In T-38 FORM
you are going to be able to use pursuit curves (radius of turn), power and altitude to get back into
position. The Turning Rejoin in T-38 FORM is intended to get Two in the Fingertip position
quickly and safely. Lead will signal a Turning Rejoin with a large wing rock so Two can see the
signal. The magnitude of Lead's wing rock should be commensurate with Two's distance from
Lead. If Two is 200 feet away, Lead does not have to use 90-degree angle of bank wing rocks;
likewise, if Two is more than 500 feet away, then exaggerated wing rocks will be appropriate so
that Wing can see them. To initiate the Turning Rejoin, Lead will clear in the direction of turn
and initiate the Turning Rejoin signal by rocking the wings with the first wing rock being in the
direction of the intended turn. For example, if the direction of Turning Rejoin will be to the
right, Lead will rock his wings three times with the first rock to the right. After the wing rock,
Lead will set the bank for the Turning Rejoin. The default setting for Lead will be 30 degrees of
bank at 150 knots. Lead can set anything he wants, but if it is going to be higher bank angles or
lower airspeeds, then Lead must notify Two of differing airspeeds only, no calls are required for
being more or less than 30 degrees of bank (Two should be able to figure this out). Two will
maneuver to the 45-degree rejoin line, with Lead's vertical stabilizer centered on the opposite
wing and place Lead slightly above the horizon (~50 feet). Wing will now use pursuit curves,
power, and altitude as required to rejoin. Unlike Primary, Two rejoins to the inside of the turn,
first stabilizing in Route, then moving slowly into Fingertip. The sequence of events for Two is
similar to Primary Forms. Two maneuvers to the Rejoin line (bearing line) while simultaneously
placing Lead slightly above the horizon. Imagine having Lead slightly above the horizon, and
running a slightly sucked on the bearing line Rejoin. In T-38 FORM, the Rejoin is more of a
power on, colder Rejoin than Primary's Breakup and Rendezvous. At two ship-widths, Wing
stabilizes in Route and then slowly slides into Fingertip. In T-38 FORM, you stay on the inside
of the turn, you will not cross under to the outside of the turn like in Primary Form. In order to
understand the Turning Rejoin tools for Wing, you must understand some of the Air Force
specific terminology when referencing Lead.
ASPECT/ANGLE-OFF AND PURSUIT CURVES
Now we will cover the basics of maneuvering your aircraft in relation to another in a three-
dimensional arena. Aspect Angle and Angle-Off are two basic parameters that apply to every
situation where two or more aircraft maneuver three-dimensionally in relation to each other.
T-38 FORMATION ADMIN 5-13