AIR FORCE T-38 TRACK INTERMEDIATES
a. Description. Same as Primary.
b. General. The procedure for the Crossunder in Intermediate Formation is nearly the
same as the procedure found in Primary. However, Wing does not need to acknowledge the
signal and is not required to stabilize at each checkpoint. The objective is to safely and
expeditiously move Wing's aircraft from one side of Lead to the other. Lead's signal for the
Crossunder should be a crisp wingdip to the side of the formation Lead wants to place Wing.
The size of Lead's sing dip is based on the position of the Wingman; small if in Fingertip, larger
if in Route.
Signal the Crossunder (Appendix A).
Perform the maneuver.
d. Common Errors
Lead making too large or too small a signal.
Wingman taking too long to accomplish the maneuver.
Wing not obtaining and maintaining nose-tail clearance.
Wing trying to rush this maneuver and flying a sloppy Crossunder. Square the
a. Description. Echelon Turns (Figure 5-2) are turns by the formation that are similar
to turns away in Primary, but Lead will use 60 degrees of bank. The difference between Echelon
Turns and Primary turns away is that Two will be level with Lead and will have the horizon
bisect Lead's aircraft.
b. General. Echelon Turns will only be flown in VMC and are used when signaled by
Lead or when in the Route position. Echelon Turns will be the default for turns away in the VFR
traffic pattern when the formation is in Fingertip. Echelon Turns can be done either in Fingertip
T-38 FORMATION ADMIN 5-7