T-34C PRIMARY FORMATION FLIGHT TRAINING
309. THE PARADE SEQUENCE
Once the section is established in the area and the fuel check is complete, it is time to execute the
mission. The mission in Basic Formation is to execute the maneuvers in the Parade Sequence.
Both flight members must work together to complete the following maneuvers as part of the
Parade Turns, 4 per wing, minimum of 180º per turn
Breakup and Rendezvous Exercise
Cruise Turns (Forms 4004-4005 only)
Return to Base
Lead. Lead is responsible for completing the maneuvers in the Parade Sequence. Lead may
accomplish the maneuvers in any order and may conduct turns and breakup and rendezvous to
the left or right (see suggested Parade Sequence in Section 302). Lead should always consider
area management, winds, and weather to develop an efficient flow of maneuvers to minimize any
wasted time or extra turns. For instance, Lead may choose to execute the breakup and
rendezvous to the right in order to work towards the center of the area or away from weather.
Wing. Wing's job in the area is to maintain the position commanded by Lead at all times. Wing
must also execute Lead's commands as safely and expeditiously as possible to avoid undue
delay. If Wing is taking too long to execute Lead's commanded maneuvers, it disrupts Lead's
capability to in-flight plan and execute the mission within the area.
310. PARADE TURN EXERCISE
The Parade Turn Exercise is defined as a series of four 30º angle of bank (AOB) turns (some 45º
angle of bank turns may be directed by your instructor) in alternating directions. The turns
should be accomplished in sequence, each for a minimum of 180º of turn. Four turns will be
accomplished per side (i.e., four turns with Dash-2 on the left wing, four turns with Dash-2 on
the right wing).
Lead. Lead should have the formation set at 150 KIAS prior to commencing the turns. During
the turns, Lead will hold altitude and airspeed at 150 KIAS. Lead should make small smooth
torque adjustments as necessary to maintain airspeed if altitude deviations occur. Lead may
place the Wingman on either side prior to the turns and may start the turns in either direction.
Lead should consider area management, weather, winds, minimizing Wing's exposure to the sun,
etc. to determine the direction of turn and which side to place Wing.
3-18 SECTION PARADE