T-34C PRIMARY FORMATION FLIGHT TRAINING
Fails to trim for increasing airspeed.
Wing exceeds 170 knots.
Misjudges relative motion and closure, causing Wing to either stagnate or underrun prior to
reaching the 20 feet stepdown position.
Misjudges relative motion during the underrun resulting in excessive separation.
Running Rendezvous Keys to Success:
Be a stable platform while complying with course rules departure.
Use proper takeoff interval.
Avoid high closure rates.
Maintain proper stepdown at all times.
If uncomfortable with the closure rate, execute the underrun procedures.
Trim for the increasing airspeed and retrim after stabilizing in position.
304. PARADE POSITION
Parade formation is used for flight in congested areas, traffic patterns, instrument conditions,
demonstrations, etc. The advantages are that it requires a minimum of airspace, provides good
visual communications between aircraft in the flight, is easily and positively controlled by Lead,
and presents a neat military appearance. The disadvantages are that it provides less
maneuverability than single aircraft flights, requires almost constant power adjustments by the
Wingman, is fatiguing if conducted for long periods, and inhibits proper lookout doctrine by the
The parade position is defined as "a fixed position on the 45º bearing line on either the port or
starboard side of Lead." The parade position is described as approximately 10 feet of
stepdown beneath the leader, 20 feet of nose-to-tail clearance, and 4 feet of wingtip
separation. If positioned properly for the parade position, the Wingman will see Lead's
prop arc bisecting Lead's inboard wing (the "midpoint" of that wing), the "ventral point"
on the opposite aileron cutout, and the exhaust stack hidden by the wing (Figure 3-4). Wing
must strive to always "zero out" the relative motion between aircraft.
SECTION PARADE 3-7