T-34C PRIMARY FORMATION FLIGHT TRAINING
Inside the FAF on an Instrument approach. Lead and Wing should initially execute the
lost sight procedures in Chapter 5 of this FTI. Once separation is established, Wing will
immediately execute the missed approach procedure, but will add 500 feet to all altitudes on the
missed approach. This will provide separation in case Lead has to go missed approach as well.
Lead may continue the approach. A separate clearance should be coordinated for the Wingman.
During the Missed Approach. Lead and Wing should execute the lost sight procedures in
Chapter 5 of this FTI while conducting the missed approach procedure. Lead will fly the
altitudes published for the missed approach and Wing will add 500 feet to all altitudes on the
missed approach. A separate clearance should be coordinated for the Wingman.
606. INSTRUCTOR IFR PARADE POSITION
The T-34C is a very small aircraft and depending on in-cloud visibility, you may need to fly
closer than the standard Parade position to maintain visual on Lead as the section flies in IMC. In
most airplanes you can simply slide up the bearing line and "tuck-it-in", maintaining the same
checkpoints. Because the T-34C has a propeller, that is not possible, therefore, the suggested IFR
parade position (FOR INSTRUCTOR PILOTS ONLY) is stepped down about 8-10 feet lower
and closer to Lead. The new reference is Wing centering his propeller arc below and behind
Lead's same side wingtip (Figure 6-3). Wing's position is going to be such that any turbulence
encountered is going to allow Wing's vertical oscillation to be clear of Lead. Wing should get
into IFR parade early in order to stabilize prior to entering the clouds. Prior to conducting an
extended IMC penetration and approach, Lead may consider (based on weather and the
wingman's experience) splitting the formation for separate approaches. If Wing feels like
anything closer than IFR parade is required, then there is no question; Wing needs to separate
from Lead using lost sight procedures.
Figure 6-3 Instructor IFR Parade Position
The "suggested" IFR parade position shall be flown by instructor
pilots only. Students shall not fly the "suggested" IFR parade
position and shall maintain standard parade checkpoints during the
IFR Parade Turn Exercise.
SECTION TAKEOFFS AND APPROACHES/IFR OPERATIONS 6-7