T-34C PRIMARY FORMATION FLIGHT TRAINING
gyro. Wing needs to evaluate the in-cloud visibility to determine whether to stay with Lead or
execute the lost sight procedures. Wing's greatest enemy here may be his pride as a formation
pilot; don't let pride drive staying in a potentially hazardous situation. If Wing is flying off a
wingtip (or a strobe) and cannot see Lead's fuselage, or if Wing is flying so close that his prop
comes within inches of some part of Lead's aircraft, then Wing should do everyone a favor and
separate from Lead using lost sight procedures.
604. IFR PARADE TURNS AWAY
In contrast to VFR turns away, during IFR turns away the wingman rotates about Lead's
longitudinal axis while matching Lead's rate of roll and maintaining parade position.
The IFR turn away initially requires more power than the VFR turn away because the Wingman's
relative position is above Lead in addition to being outside Lead's radius of turn. If power is not
added when entering the turn, Wing will go sucked. Conversely, when the Wingman rolls out of
the IFR turn away, he will initially require a larger power reduction than the roll-out for the VFR
IFR parade turns into are flown exactly the same as a VFR
parade turns into.
Lead will be limited to a maximum of 45° angle of bank for
IFR parade turns.
605. IMC LOST SIGHT
Losing sight of Lead in IMC conditions can be a very hazardous situation if not handled properly
by everyone in the flight. Wing may have to combat the classic physiological effects of flying in
the clouds, such as the "leans," while transitioning from flying off of Lead to flying off of the
instruments. If Wing goes lost sight on an instrument approach, the formation will need to be
concerned about gaining separation and obstacle clearance. If there is any delay in priority
handling by ATC or confusion between the involved aircraft and the controller, then do not
hesitate to declare an "emergency" and pick up priority handling.
The general IMC Lost Sight procedures are addressed in Chapter 5 of this FTI. IMC lost sight
procedures during an instrument approach are outlined below.
Outside the Final Approach Fix (FAF) on an Instrument Approach. Lead and Wing
should initially execute the lost sight procedures in Chapter 5 of this FTI while maintaining at or
above the minimum altitude for that segment of the approach (or consider using MSA/ESA).
Once separation is ensured, Lead may continue the approach and should coordinate for a
separate clearance for the Wingman.
6-6 SECTION TAKEOFFS AND APPROACHES/IFR OPERATIONS