T-34C PRIMARY FORMATION FLIGHT TRAINING
After kissing off Wing, Lead breaks away at 45º AOB for a minimum of 180º of turn while
maintaining airspeed and altitude. A slight power addition may be required to maintain 150
KIAS in the turn.
Five degrees prior to the desired heading, Lead will roll out sharply to indicate the new
Once wings level, correct airspeed (150 KIAS) and altitude if required. After stabilizing,
time for a minimum of 20 seconds (more time may be necessary for area management).
When timing is complete, Lead will "flash" by banking the wings up to at least 45º AOB in
the direction of the rendezvous (either left or right) and then reset the bank angle to 20º.
Maintaining 20º AOB and 150 KIAS while minimizing power changes is critical to Wing's
successful completion of the rendezvous. Ideally, Lead will not manipulate power throughout
Wing's breakup and rendezvous practice.
Monitor Wing during the rendezvous. On dual flights, Wing may practice multiple
rendezvous as per the instructor's guidance.
Breakup and Rendezvous:
Wing. The Breakup and Rendezvous Exercise allows Wing to apply the concepts of radius of
turn, bearing lines, and pursuit curves.
Respond to Lead's breakup and rendezvous signal with a head-nod.
As Lead passes abeam after the kiss-off and break, Wing will break using a maximum of
60º AOB while maintaining 150 KIAS and keeping Lead on or slightly below the horizon.
Wing's goal is to establish 800 1000 feet of separation and then use pursuit curves to stay
there. The further Wing's nose is pointed behind Lead's, the more rapidly his nose-to-tail
distance will increase and vice versa.
To maintain 800 - 1000 feet of separation once established, Wing shall place Lead at his 11
(left turn) or 1 (right turn) o'clock position until rollout.
When Lead rolls out of turn, Wing shall maneuver to place lead at his 12 o'clock, slightly
below the horizon. At this point, wing must aggressively correct to 150 KIAS and ensure a
stable power setting prior to Lead's initiation of the rendezvous.
When Lead flashes his wings and sets the turn direction, Wing will use 30º of bank to
maneuver inside Lead's radius of turn (lead pursuit) while holding Lead on the horizon. Hold
30º of bank until you arrive on the 45º bearing line (when Lead's vertical stabilizer BISECTS the
opposite wing, Figure 3-31).
SECTION PARADE 3-31