T-34C PRIMARY FORMATION FLIGHT TRAINING
DASH TWO, DASH THREE, ETC.: A term used to refer to successive Wingmen in a
FLIGHT INTEGRITY: The ability of the Wingman to maintain the proper relative position
while the formation is performing maneuvers.
HUNG ON THE BEARING: A condition during the rendezvous where the wing aircraft ceases
to continue closing on the Lead aircraft.
LAG PURSUIT: A maneuver used by Wing when Lead is in a turn to increase nose-to-tail
separation and range. Wing maneuvers to the outside of Lead's turn by pointing the nose of the
aircraft behind Lead's tail.
LEAD PURSUIT: A maneuver used by Wing when Lead is in a turn to decrease nose-to-tail
separation and range. Wing maneuvers to the inside of Lead's turn by pointing the nose of the
aircraft in front of Lead.
LOST SIGHT: Term used by the Wingman to communicate he has lost visual contact with the
lead aircraft while flying in IMC.
MIDPOINT: A visual checkpoint referring to the point on the underside of the Lead aircraft's
wing, equidistant from the wing tiedown and the wing cavity moisture scupper drain.
NOSE-TO-TAIL: The distance from the nose of the wing aircraft to the tail of the lead aircraft.
PARADE POSITION: A fixed position on the 45º bearing line on either the port or starboard
side of the lead aircraft with 10 feet of stepdown, 20 feet of nose-to-tail, and 4 feet of wingtip
PARADE RATE OF ROLL: A roll rate in which 30º angle of bank is achieved after 30º of
heading change. Parade rate of roll is referenced to the lead aircraft with the idea of ensuring
lead is a smooth platform for the Wingman. The intent here is for Lead to start a turn and roll to
the desired bank angle with one smooth constant rate.
PROP ARC: A visual checkpoint referring to the outermost portion of the circle created by the
tips of the propeller blades in motion.
PURE PURSUIT: A maneuver used to follow Lead's flight path in a turn. Wing maneuvers by
pointing the nose of the aircraft directly at Lead. Nose-to-tail separation and range will decrease
slightly but with a slower closure rate than lead pursuit.
PLANE OF MOTION: An imaginary plane defined by the aircraft's flight path.
RENDEZVOUS: A maneuver in which the formation aircraft are maneuvered into a position
where a join-up may be performed.