T-34C PRIMARY FORMATION FLIGHT TRAINING
501. AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE PROBLEMS ON DECK
If either aircraft in the section needs to ground abort or is delayed by a maintenance problem, try
to call the other aircraft to notify them of your status and when you expect to be ready to taxi.
Anytime you step to a spare aircraft or have a maintenance problem, do not rush your checklist.
BE CAREFUL and THOROUGH on your preflight and checklist. If a solo aircraft ground
aborts in a division solo mission, then the whole mission is cancelled unless a section option was
briefed. If a section option was briefed, the Instructor will take out the single solo student. If the
chase aircraft is down, then the mission is always cancelled. If the mission cancels for any
reason, ensure your flight plan (if filed) is closed out with Base Operations.
502. INTERVAL TAKEOFF ABORTS
Aborted takeoffs will be handled in accordance with Section V of the T-34C NATOPS Flight
manual with the addition of a short radio transmission when appropriate.
Lead. If Lead aborts the takeoff, he will remain on his respective side of the runway and
immediately transmit "[tactical call sign], abort, abort, abort" - so both aircraft know to abort
the takeoff. The Wingman will abort behind Lead, also maintaining his side of the runway. The
key to success in this scenario is to do whatever is necessary to avoid hitting the other aircraft, to
include going off the runway and into the grass. If any aircraft departs the prepared surface, then
execute the appropriate NATOPS procedure.
Wingman. If Wing aborts the takeoff, he will remain on his side of the runway and execute the
aborting takeoff procedures. Once the Wing has his aircraft under control and Lead is safely
airborne, make a radio call to notify Lead (e.g., "Knight 1, 2 aborted for a chip light"). Lead will
enter the downwind or depart the airfield and reenter as a single aircraft in accordance with
Chase. If the Chase aborts his takeoff, the student solos will either enter downwind or depart the
airfield and reenter as a single aircraft in accordance with local course rules. SOLOS WILL
NOT JOIN UP at any time during the downwind, departure, or reentry into the pattern.
503. SECTION PEL
After the lead changes to put the PEL aircraft in the lead (if necessary), the PEL aircraft needs to
intercept the Emergency Landing Pattern (ELP) as soon as possible. Lead should fly his best
possible individual PEL. Wing should maintain position, clear for the formation, back Lead up
with in-flight tasks, and monitor Lead's performance (e.g., altitude, airspeed, vsi, etc.). Lead will
maneuver and configure as appropriate prior to High Key (see Figure 5-2) while Wing flies the
Chase position and matches Lead's configuration. Lead may elect to kiss-off Wing at High Key,
however it is recommended to have Wing continue to chase the emergency aircraft through the
ELP in order to provide mutual support. During the ELP, Wing should wave off when directed
by Lead, or when reaching 300 feet AGL on final. During the waveoff, Wing should keep his
eyes out for other aircraft and be careful not to overspeed the gear or flaps.
FORMATION EMERGENCIES 5-3