T-34C PRIMARY FORMATION FLIGHT TRAINING
The student SHALL NOT be in control of the aircraft during the
landing gear inspection.
506. AIRBORNE DAMAGED AIRCRAFT
Aircraft will follow procedures established in Chapter 15 of the current T-34C NATOPS. If
damage occurs between Lead and Wing, both aircraft should turn away from each other until
adequate separation is achieved. Lead will immediately be directive and start working a
deconfliction plan between the two aircraft to ensure lateral separation using ground references
or distance measuring equipment (DME) and/or altitude separation. Lead should consider
coordinating for individual chase aircraft from other aircraft to help out. After the checklist is
completed, a game plan should be developed to get both aircraft on the deck safely.
If a single aircraft in the formation is damaged (e.g., bird strike), the damaged aircraft will
immediately be given the lead and the good aircraft will assume the chase position and assist as
If a solo aircraft is damaged, the other solo will return to base as a single aircraft and the Solo
Chase will assist the damaged aircraft. If the Solo Chase is damaged, the formation will be split
up and the solo students will return to home field as single aircraft. The Solo Chase will
coordinate for a separate emergency chase aircraft.
507. UNINTENTIONAL INSTRUMENT FLIGHT / LOST SIGHT PROCEDURES
If Lead unintentionally enters instrument meteorological conditions (IMC), Lead will
immediately shift his scan to the instruments and fly straight and level for one minute. If a turn
is necessary, Lead will make a shallow angle of bank turn (15º) for 180º away from Wing to
attempt to return to VMC. Wing will maintain the parade position references during all
turns in IMC (i.e., welded wing).
If Wing loses sight of Lead in IMC, then Wing will simultaneously:
TRANSITION TO AN INSTRUMENT SCAN
Call "[tac call sign] two is lost sight", while executing the following procedures:
Straight and Level (Figure 5-5). Wing will turn away from Lead using 15º of bank
for a 30º heading change. Lead will transmit his exact heading and altitude (e.g.,
"Knight 1" is heading 270 at 5500 feet). Lead will direct a rejoin or coordinate for a
separate squawk for the Wingman as appropriate.
5-6 FORMATION EMERGENCIES