HOLDING PATTERN APPROACH
Reference: AIM, Chapter 5; NIFM Chapter 20, "Approaches From Holding."
Amplification A Holding Pattern approach uses a published holding pattern to reverse
course and establish the aircraft inbound on the intermediate or final approach course. Holding
Pattern approaches are printed using a normal holding pattern track with a heavy line indicating
"In lieu of Procedure Turn." The entry turn and maneuvering in holding requires normal holding
procedures. Only one turn in the Holding Pattern is expected unless more turns are necessary to
lose excessive altitude or to become better established on course, in which case ATC must be
advised. Descent from the minimum holding altitude may be commenced at the holding fix
("Case I" below and Figure 657) or on the inbound leg ("Case II" below and Figure 655).
Figure 6-53 Holding Fix Descent
Unlike the Teardrop and Procedure Turn approaches, the Holding Pattern approach will always
have a FAF depict on the approach.
Established in a holding pattern as depicted in Figure 6-36 or
6-55 and subsequently cleared for the approach, do not execute the
Procedure Turn. Use Holding Pattern Approach Procedures.
Holding as depicted in Figure 656 and subsequently cleared
for the approach, the Procedure Turn must be executed to allow
sufficient time to intercept the final approach course, transition to
BAC, and descend to the MDA. If unsure of the correct procedures,
request clarification from ATC.
Procedure The following procedures assume clearance for the MARIANNA MUNI
VOR or GPSA approach (Figure 655) has been received and you are proceeding to the IAF.
At the IAF, indicated by station passage, execute the 6 Ts.
6-90 RADIO INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES