Figure 712 Circling Approach Area
Pilots should remain at or above the circling altitude until the aircraft is continuously in a position
from which a descent to a landing on the intended runway can be made at a normal rate of descent
using normal maneuvers. Circling may require maneuvering at low altitude, at low airspeed, and in
marginal weather conditions. Pilots must use sound judgment, have an indepth knowledge of their
capabilities, and fully understand the aircraft performance to determine the exact circle maneuver to
use. The pilot should brief division of responsibilities during circling maneuvers; the pilot keeps the
runway in sight and the copilot monitors instruments, especially the altimeter.
Figure 713 illustrates suggested patterns that may be flown. Choose a pattern that best suits the
In preparation for the circling maneuver, study the Aerodrome Data box on the instrument
approach plate. The "inbound arrow" will display the track of the arriving aircraft in relation to
the airport. This will help the pilot determine which circling maneuver may work best for landing
on the intended runway.
INSTRUMENT NAVIGATION 7-21