For flight that is not restricted to cockpit references for setting aircraft attitudes, the following
flight instruments will comprise the group to be used as "crosscheck" or performance
instruments in succeeding chapters:
Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)
Radio Magnetic Indicator (RMI)
Turn and Bank Indicator (Turn needle and ball)
For a complete discussion of these instruments, refer to the
Instruments FTI, Chapter One and NATOPS Section I.
The tool that all pilots must employ to guard against midair collisions is an efficient scan pattern.
Division of attention, or scanning, is the "awareness" that a pilot must possess in order to fly
his/her aircraft effectively. It is quite obvious that you must:
Look outside the airplane to see where you are going.
Look at the aircraft with respect to the horizon to check and maintain a desired attitude.
Look inside the aircraft at the instrument panel to check for proper power settings, flight
instrument readings and for any signs of engine malfunction.
Combined with the diversified attention involved in the fundamental control of the aircraft is the
concern that must be devoted to flight safety-avoiding other aircraft. Behind the proper division-
of-attention techniques, which you learn in training, lies the foundation for the mandatory
alertness of the military pilot.
It might seem that the task of having to be aware of so many events and circumstances at the
same time is impossible. However, the ability to do so is an integral part of your flight training
and is developed more or less naturally. Of course, as in any endeavor, its development is
expedited by a conscientious effort to learn.
In order to divide your attention, your development of an efficient scan pattern will offer the
most efficient means by which you can readily ascertain required information and not dwell on
any one item with subsequent failure to notice other equally important details.
FUNDAMENTAL FLIGHT CONCEPTS