Not establishing proper interval.
Poor attitude/altitude control in turn.
Not trimming right/up.
Not maintaining break altitude until reaching 100 KIAS.
Not maintaining pattern altitude after descent from break altitude (i.e., settling below
General. The pattern is the portion that commences with the break, or the takeoff
following a touch-and-go or waveoff, and ends at the commencement of the approach turn.
(Figure 72). The following limits will be observed in the pattern:
MAX 30º angle of bank.
One hundred knots upwind with flaps up, crosswind, and downwind.
Crosswind turn shall not be initiated below 300 feet AGL.
Interval permitting, the entire pattern can be flown in as little as 3½ minutes. There is not time
for confusion or disorganization. Inability to fly a safe, consistent landing pattern has been the
pitfall of more student naval aviators than all other failures combined. The cockpit workloads
are high, but an in-depth understanding of what is to be accomplished and how to get it done will
enable you to consistently shoot good passes. Remember, you are only as good as your last pass.
The following paragraphs are sequenced to fly you through the entire landing pattern and its
options. These procedures and techniques have worked for thousands of SNAs. They will work
Description. Make a descending 180º balanced turn to final in the full-flap or no-flap
AIRSPEED with NOSE ATTITUDE
RATE of DESCENT with POWER
General. The approach is the portion that commences at the 180º position and ends with a
landing, touch-and-go, or waveoff. This type of approach develops the student's judgment and
ability to control airspeed with nose attitude and rate of descent with power, while tracking a
7-6 LANDING PROCEDURES