This chapter discusses the procedures and operations required for the T-34C to enter, land, and
depart the landing pattern.
The landing pattern is a geometric racetrack-shaped course flown so that an approach and
landing may be executed in a systematic sequence. The landing line, the upwind leg, and the
parallel downwind leg form the sides of the racetrack pattern. These lines are joined together by
the upwind turn and by the approach turn at the downwind end of the pattern. For purposes of
clarity in this instruction, the landing pattern will be subdivided into three parts: the pattern,
approach, and landing.
LANDING PATTERN TERMINOLOGY
Visual Wing References
Wingtip bisecting the intended point.
¾ Wingtip distance:
Outboard aileron hinge bisecting the intended point.
⅔ Wingtip distance:
Middle aileron hinge bisecting the intended point.
½ Wingtip distance:
Fuel cap bisecting the intended point.
⅓ Wingtip distance:
Fuel access panel inboard of fuel cap bisecting the
¼ Wingtip distance:
A point bisecting the wing root and the fuel access
panel (also double row of rivets).
Initial Point. A point over the ground at the appropriate distance from the runway as
specified by the local SOP. At this point the aircraft shall be:
at break altitude.
airspeed in accordance with local SOP.
Break. An overhead transition from cruise to the downwind configuration. The break is
basically a LSC conducted simultaneously with a constant angle of bank turn.
Break Altitude. Consult local SOP or Course Rules.
LANDING PROCEDURES 7-1