If an error is noted in heading, stop the drift on the RMI by leveling the wings. Turn
back towards the desired heading, never using a greater angle of bank than the
number of degrees off heading. Retrim.
Over-controlling: Making control movements too great for the amount of correction
Not recognizing a wing low or nose attitude too high or too low.
Fixating. Not maintaining a good scan.
Description. The basic transitions are used to enter a climb or descent from normal or fast
cruise and to level off in normal or fast cruise from a climb or descent. Climbs of greater than
1000 feet will be done at 120 KIAS. Clearing turns are required for climbs and descents greater
than 1000 feet.
2. General. Use the P.A.T. principle in making all transitions. As soon as the nose attitude is
changed upon entering a climb or descent, the airspeed indicator becomes the nose attitude
crosscheck instrument. The nose attitude must be held constant until the airspeed indicates the
necessity for a change.
The nose attitude change will then be accomplished on the horizon. Note the progress of the
altimeter and vertical speed indicator as performance instruments.
The RMI remains the attitude crosscheck instrument for the wings as long as the aircraft is
maintaining a constant heading.
As soon as the nose is placed in the level flight attitude on the horizon upon leveling off from a
climb or descent, the altimeter and vertical speed indicator become the nose attitude crosscheck
1. In order to remain clear of clouds and other aircraft, and to
maintain geographic orientation during the climb or descent, use
clearing turns for all climbs and descents greater than 1000 feet
when not under positive radar control. A recommended procedure
for clearing turns is to use 15º angle of bank between reversal
headings 30º either side of the base heading. As you transition to
level flight, stop the clearing turns on a heading that will take you
most directly into the working area.
6-12 FLIGHT PROCEDURES