INSTRUMENT FLIGHT RULES WORKBOOK
of the Fix
Side of the Fix
Figure 7-1 Holding Side of the Fix
You always hold to the Fix identified in the holding clearance.
The standard no-wind length of the legs of the holding pattern (except TACAN holding) is one
minute at or below 14,000 feet and 1½ minutes above 14,000 feet. The length of the legs while
using TACAN is specified in nautical miles.
The inbound holding course is the course to the holding fix, while in the holding pattern. The
outbound heading is the reciprocal of the inbound holding course. It should be noted that the
holding side is the side of the holding pattern on which the turns are made.
ATC should issue holding instructions to you at least five minutes before you reach a clearance
limit fix. If instructions are not received within three minutes of reaching the fix, reduce
airspeed so as to cross the fix at or below the maximum holding airspeed. If holding instructions
have not been received upon arrival at an enroute fix, hold in accordance with the depicted
holding pattern. In the absence of a depicted pattern, hold in a standard pattern inbound to the
fix on the course the aircraft approached the enroute fix.
In the terminal phase, if it is necessary to hold at the initial approach fix and no holding pattern is
depicted on the appropriate approach plate, holding will be accomplished in a holding pattern on
the final approach course inbound to the initial approach fix (IAF) making turns on the
procedure turn side (Figures 7-2 and 7-3).