Quantcast Appendix A: Glossary of Selected Meteorological Terms -Cont. - P-3030137

 

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AVIATION WEATHER
APPENDIX A
DEW POINT ­ The temperature to which a given parcel of air must be cooled at constant
pressure and constant water-vapor content in order for saturation to occur.
DISPATCH VISUAL RANGE ­ A visual range value derived from an automated visibility
sensor.
DRIZZLE ­ Fairly uniform precipitation composed exclusively of fine drops (diameter less than
0.02 inch or 0.5 mm) very close together. Drizzle appears to float while following air current,
although unlike fog droplets, it falls to the ground.
DRY ADIABATIC LAPSE RATE ­ The rate of decrease of temperature with height,
approximately equal to 3°C per 1000 feet. This is close to the rate at which an ascending body of
unsaturated air will cool by adiabatic expansion.
DUSTSTORM ­ An unusual weather condition, frequently severe, characterized by strong winds
and dust-filled air over an extensive area.
FEW ­ A layer whose summation amount of sky cover is 1/8 through 2/8.
FIELD ELEVATION ­ The elevation above sea level of the highest point on any of the runways
of the airport.
FOG ­ A visible aggregate of minute water particles (droplets) which are based at the Earth's
surface and reduce horizontal visibility to less than 5/8 statute mile and, unlike drizzle, it does
not fall to the ground.
FREEZING ­ A descriptor, FZ, used to describe drizzle and/or rain that freezes on contact with
the ground or exposed objects, and used also to describe fog that is composed of minute ice
crystals.
FREEZING DRIZZLE ­ Drizzle that freezes upon impact with the ground, or other exposed
objects.
FREEZING FOG ­ A suspension of numerous minute ice crystals in the air or water droplets at
temperatures below 0°Celsius based at the Earth's surface, which reduces horizontal visibility. It
is also called ice fog.
FREEZING PRECIPITATION ­ Any form of precipitation freezing on impact and forming a
glaze on the ground or exposed objects.
FREEZING RAIN ­ Rain freezing on impact and forming a glaze on the ground or exposed
objects.
FROZEN PRECIPITATION ­ Any form of precipitation that reaches the ground in solid form
(snow, small hail and/or snow pellets, snow grains, hail, ice pellets, and ice crystals).
Glossary of Selected Meteorological Terms A-3


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