T-45A UJPT & E2-C2 INav-05
TACAN/VOR Navigation Procedures, TACAN/VOR Holding
b. As specified by controller
c. As requested by pilot
2. Timing: non-DME
a. Inbound leg (length)
(1) 1 minute maximum: at or below 14,000 ft MSL
(2) 1-1/2 minutes maximum: above 14,000 ft MSL:
1-1/2 minutes maximum
NOTE: Timing is based on inbound leg.
Outbound leg is adjusted as required.
b. Outbound leg (whichever occurs last)
(1) Wings level
(2) Abeam fix
COMMON ERROR: Failing to start/stop timing
abeam station or after first turn inbound to determine
3. Speeds: regardless of altitude, maximum of 230 KIAS
for T-45A unless ATC authorized higher holding
airspeed for turbulence. Should a higher holding
airspeed be required, notify ATC prior to entering
When higher holding airspeeds are no longer
necessary, return to normal holding airspeed and notify
NOTE: T-45A NATOPS turbulence penetration
airspeed is 250 KIAS.
NOTE: Normally, holding airspeed is based on
maximum endurance. Airspeed is adjusted for altitude.
A max endurance airspeed would be appropriate when