Air Combat Maneuvering
Joker: Fuel state above bingo fuel which would allow a successful bugout. Call normally transmitted to
Knock It Off: Call made to stop the fight or current maneuvers.
Lateral Pitchback: A nose-low hard turn with lift vector on or slightly below the bogey, used for distances
of 1-1/4 nautical miles or greater with lateral separation and the bogey on or below the horizon.
Lateral Separation: Lateral distance between two aircraft.
Level: Contact designated is at the same altitude as the fighter.
Line of Sight (LOS): Relative bearing to the bogey from the fighters aircraft.
Loose Deuce: Navy tactical doctrine for employment of a section of aircraft in air-to-air warfare.
Low Yo-Yo: An offensive maneuver designed to decrease range by increasing closure rate.
Lufbery: Horizontal or slightly oblique stalemate-type engagement where both aircraft are across the
circle from each other, turning in the same direction at a low-energy state.
Merge Plot: Radar tracks involved in an engagement have come together and cannot be distinguished
from each other.
Mil Lead: The flight lead.
No Joy: Call made meaning I do not see the bogey.
Nose-To-Tail: Reference to the distance between the nose of an attacker and the tail of the defender. It
is used synonymously with range.
On The Deck: Aircraft are at minimum altitude.
Out-of-HUD: Outside the range of viewing through the HUD.
Padlocked: Call meaning that I have a tally and cannot take my eyes off the bogey for fear of losing
contact due to visibility/range, etc.
Parrot: The IFF/SIF equipment.
Pigeons: Magnetic bearing and distance of home base (or unit indicated).
Pitchback: Pulling vertically 60 degrees nose-high at 17 units AOA, used to attempt to meet the bogey
head-on with minimum lateral separation in situations where the bogey is less than 1 mile, high above
horizon, or at your dead six.
Plane of Attack: The plane defined by the attacking aircraft as a point and the defenders velocity vector
at a given moment in time.
Popeye: Call made to indicate that an aircraft is in the clouds or area of reduced visibility.
T-45C Revision 1