Directive Comm: Radio calls giving specific instructions to another aircraft.
Energy Package: The combination of the aircrafts altitude (potential energy) and airspeed (kinetic
energy) making up the aircrafts total energy.
Engaged Fighter: A fighter actively engaged in air-to-air combat with a bandit either offensively or
FOX-2: AIM-9 IR missile firing solution.
Free Fighter: Fighter maneuvering to protect the engaged fighter and to obtain a clear shot at the
GUNS: Rear-quarter steady-state or snap guns firing solution.
Hard Turn: Compromise between maximum rate turn and energy-conserving turn (300 KIAS at
17 units AOA).
High Cover: An offensive position of the free fighter in loose deuce, high and outside the engaged
HUD: Head-up display used in the T-45A for flight/weapons information.
In-place Turn: An engaging turn that maneuvers a section 180 degrees by turning lead and
wingman in the same direction.
Knock It Off: Stop fight or current maneuvers.