Basic Instrument Maneuvers
CONSTANT RATE CLIMB
Entry speed for this maneuver is 200 KIAS (approximately 1100 pph) at a specified altitude and heading.
Initiate a 1,000-fpm climb by advancing power to approximately 1500 pph while establishing a noseup
attitude of approximately 2-3 degrees on the ADI to maintain airspeed at 200 KIAS. Monitor your heading
on the ADI and ensure that it does not vary during the climb.
During the climb, you will control airspeed with pitch and rate of climb with power. Accomplish the
transition to level flight just as you would for constant airspeed climbs. Lead the desired altitude by 10
percent of VSI, simultaneously reducing the throttle to cruise power and lowering the nose to level flight
NOTE: Plan enroute cruise airspeed with fuel conservation in mind. Unless directed differently by an IP,
plan to fly the max range cruise IMN upon level off at altitude.
Constant rate climb entry and exit:
Throttle: 1500 pph
Pitch: Adjust to maintain 200 KIAS (approximately 2-3 degrees noseup)
Trim: Adjust for airspeed
VSI: Maintain 1,000-fpm climb
Level off: Lead by 10 percent of VSI
Throttle: Reduce to approximately 1100 pph
Pitch: Lower to level flight attitude
Trim: Adjust for level flight
CONSTANT RATE DESCENT
The constant rate descent is a mirror image of the constant rate climb. In a constant rate descent you will
hold the rate of descent constant at 1,000 fpm and maintain an airspeed of 200 KIAS by simultaneously
using power and pitch to control the rate of descent and airspeed.
Entry speed for this maneuver is 200 KIAS. Initiate a 1,000-fpm descent by reducing power to
approximately 700 pph while establishing a nosedown pitch of approximately 1-2 degrees on the ADI to
maintain airspeed at 200 KIAS. Monitor your heading on the ADI and ensure that it does not vary during